Terre del Conero

In this section you will find many interesting facts and insights about our area, its food and traditions. You will also come across many tips about healthy eating, and there are some simple recipes that you can use to enjoy our products.

Climate, vegetation and territory

Thanks to its particular position in the precise point in which the Italian Adriatic belt changes its “inclination”, Conero is used to be called as “the elbow” of Italy.

Actually, this very peculiar feature determines a strong impact on the climate of the area. On the northern part very cold winds ( Bora first of all) stop all the warmer Mediterranean influences. On the other side, the Southern part appears to be more protected and here we can distinguish the “contact zone” between two kinds of bioclimatic regions: Mediterranean bioclimate (meso-mediterranean plane) and Sub-mediterranean Temperate bioclimate ( lower-hilly plane). The kind of vegetation that grows and develops in these two bioclimatic areas is quite different.

Many plant species, very common along the Mediterranean coasts, find in this Mediterranean bioclimatic area of Monte Conero Park, their northern boundary of distribution; as an example: Scorpion vetch (Coronilla valentina) or Aleppo pine (Pinus halepensis). It is possible to find  other plant species on the Vellare valley: a very exclusive area in which develop cenosis of Tree spurge (Euphorbia dendroides) and Maritime juniper (Juniperus oxycedrus spp. Macrocarpa).  Lots of other plant species that are spread over the Conero Park area, are rare or with an high risk of extinction, such as the Cotton weed plant (Othantus maritimus) or Brackish water crowfoot (Ranunculus Baudotii) which usually grows only on the coasts of Puglia region.

The Temperate bioclimatic area is located on the hilly part of the Park. Here, the vegetation is mainly composed by deciduous trees. The whole area is characterized by  residual woodlands that can be defined as little portion of wood, which have been isolated from large and continuous woodlands due to agriculture, clearings, logging and abandonment that humans have done since historic times. It is possible to recognize two vegetation associations of woods: mesophilic (shade-tolerant) wood of Hop Hornbeam (Asparago acutifolii-Ostryetum carpinifoliae)  and Downy oak wood (Roso sempervirentis Quercetum pubescentis) that usually prefers warmer sides. These small woodlands have a great value because they are an example and a good expression of the potential vegetation communities; as reservoirs of plant and animal biodiversity and as fundamental and typical landscape features.

The climatic, lithological and morphological variability of this particular territory has strongly influenced the development of human activities, contributing to that diversified landscape that is rich of peculiar and exceptional features and products. Agricultural activities, in particular, have been deeply revised in order to ensure respect for the environmental context in which they have been developed.

The framework of environments, together with the presence of limestone relief of Monte Conero, strongly influenced by the Adriatic sea, ensures considerable interest from the agri-food and wine point of view : vineyards and olive groves find the proper environmental conditions for a high quality production.

On the surrounding hills, with a less steep, vineyards and olive groves are associated to herbaceous crops such as cereals (barley and wheat) and legumes (beans, chickpeas) are also endowed with extraordinary quality in terms of nutrition and health.

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Terre del Conero Agricoltori per Natura, soc. coop. agr. Via Peschiera 30, 60020 Sirolo (AN) P.IVA 02474980428
European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development